Menopause is traditionally associated with women in their late 40’s and 50’s; grandmotherly types with graying hair and wrinkling skin. But did you know that menopause can strike women who are in their early 20’s as well? There is a condition known as ‘early menopause’ and this article will explain what early menopause is and what causes it.
First we need to differentiate between early menopause and premature menopause. They are both similar in that menopause sets in much earlier than the norm, but the difference is that premature menopause starts in women before they turn 40. Early menopause starts when a woman is between 40 and 45.
Osteoporosis (porous bone) may result in the death of twenty-five percent of the elderly suffering osteoporosis related hip fracture with costs exceeding seventeen billion dollars annually.
The problem nature encountered using calcium as the primary component of bone composition is crystallization that occurs over time. The crystallization causes bone to become harder, but less flexible, resulting in brittle bone that will fracture like breaking glass. Nature responds by dissolving the old bone using osteoclasts (bone destroy) cells for old bone removal and osteoblasts (bone build) for the creation of new bone.
Choosing whether or not to use postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is an important health decision all women face as they approach menopause. As with taking any treatment the decision involves carefully balancing the possible risks and benefits.
We now have information from large studies including healthy women and those with established coronary artery disease (previous heart attack or angina). These studies have shed considerable light on many issues, particular with respect to heart disease and strokes, and have sparked serious concerns and questions regarding the indications and safety of HRT for postmenopausal women.
The current epidemic in tobacco-related illness and death is mostly due to the increase in the number of women smokers in the past 5 decades. Since 1965, the death rate from smoking-related diseases in women has more than doubled in North America.
The death rate of women with the chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis has increased by 241% from 1980 to 1995. Some call this the unlucky inheritance of the female baby boomers who took up smoking in droves after World War II.
In short, smoking is totally susceptible to the effects of serious consequences detrimental for women. Women smokers seem to be more tobacco smoke, have more difficulty quitting and suffer some unique to their gender.