As women age, many experience sensations ranging from mild flushing to hot flashes, sweating, palpitations and chest discomfort. Severe symptoms are alarming and may be life altering due to sleep deprivation leading to exhaustion, stress and poor concentration. Daytime symptoms are frequently precipitated by stress, invariably occurring at a critical moment during a speech or closing of a sale.
Symptoms may be caused by a deficiency of progesterone, but more often a lack of estrogen. Estrogen causes cell multiplication (estrogenic effect) which is necessary to avoid shriveling, somewhat like a prune, but in excess may lead to fibrocystic breast disease, uterine fibroids, PMS, and possibly cancer (estrogen dominance).
The current epidemic in tobacco-related illness and death is mostly due to the increase in the number of women smokers in the past 5 decades. Since 1965, the death rate from smoking-related diseases in women has more than doubled in North America.
The death rate of women with the chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis has increased by 241% from 1980 to 1995. Some call this the unlucky inheritance of the female baby boomers who took up smoking in droves after World War II.
In short, smoking is totally susceptible to the effects of serious consequences detrimental for women. Women smokers seem to be more tobacco smoke, have more difficulty quitting and suffer some unique to their gender.