The current epidemic in tobacco-related illness and death is mostly due to the increase in the number of women smokers in the past 5 decades. Since 1965, the death rate from smoking-related diseases in women has more than doubled in North America.
The death rate of women with the chronic lung diseases such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis has increased by 241% from 1980 to 1995. Some call this the unlucky inheritance of the female baby boomers who took up smoking in droves after World War II.
In short, smoking is totally susceptible to the effects of serious consequences detrimental for women. Women smokers seem to be more tobacco smoke, have more difficulty quitting and suffer some unique to their gender.